Peneliti: Wiratno; V.S. Sasmitawidjaja; H. Kushardanto & S.M Lubis
Topik : Ekowisata
Tahun : 2004
Mt. Gede Pangrango National Park is one of the five oldest parks in Indonesia. This park was also declared as Biosphere Reserver by UNESCO in 1977 before its declaration as internasional park in 1980 in which investment has been started afterward, it covers the area about 15,000 ha of pristine mountain forest. In 2003, this park was expanded to include protection forest nearby and now the total area is about 21,000 ha. This valuation analysis of Mt. Gede Pangrango NP indicates that the net benefits of this national park exceed the costs of maintaining and preserving it. Further,these benefits accrue to a wide range of stakeholders, economic sectors and geographic areas. In its present condition, the stream that originate from this national park support almost 14,000 ha paddy field in the transition zone around the park. These streams also support 920,000 people or 184,000 households in the transition zone. The beneficial effects of this national park go along distance to much larger downstream areas of the Cisadane and Ciliwung River basins, where sedimentation occurs. The positive role of Mt. Gede Pangrango NP as shown by this study: watershed management, sediment/erosion control, water pollution control, tourism development and other related services illustrates the importance of this national park to its surrounding areas and to the downstreams Ciliwung river. Beyond the operational costs. There is a cost to the society of economic ooportunities not taken However , in this case, even if we include the substantial opportunity cost associated with leaving the commercially valuable timber standing in the forest acosystem, the benefist of conservation and preservation still outweight the costs. Note That We have used to lower end estimates for the value of benefit from sediment control (small infact), for tourism (no growth), and for household water (limited area of benefit). Any of these values could be twice as high. Many parties obtain benefit from Mt. Gede Pangrango National Park, such as communities and visitors (consumers),local,provincial and central government. However, some beneficiaries do not realize that they have taken benefit. Moreover, very little of these benefits streams or payments return to the park or facilitate its management. This is an important point for outonomous provincial and district government to recognize the era of decentralization: Development is a shared enterprise. This study recommended to conduct similar or even comprehensive resource valuation studies in other national parks. One of the reasons in that because of lack of information regarding the benefit of the national park, especially indirect benefit, in some areas the national parks are treated as cost center and opportunity losses of regional development. In contrast, this study shows that a park area can produce substantial benefist, but they are less tangible and well recogniced than certain uses that produce visible market values.